nga2varna, -ngsubst modif ligSignals a modifying relationship between a substantive and an adjective, between an indefinite adjective determiner and a substantive or between two substantives; not translated into English.The modifier either precedes or follows what it modifies.Diri 'ini siya naga'istar sa kabatuhan nga lugar, lālu' pa sa 'idāyum nang batu nga pantay dira' gid 'ina' 'ang 'inda gustu nga 'istaran.This one (i.e., a ruby triton mollusk) stays here in a stony area, especially under a flat stone.Kangungūyab sa 'ākun kay 'aku kunu hay masyādu nga kasugaruy.[He] really scolded me because he said I was a habitual gambler.'Ang pagkadtu sa 'iban nga lugar hay pabur da 'aku.As for going to other places, I also favor [that].Nang waya' pa naga'asāwa 'ang 'ākun lyāki nga 'unga' 'ang 'inda pagsinundānan maghayāli hay ka'ayu'āyu gid.When my male child had not yet married, their companionship as siblings was very good.Ginghambay ku gāni' 'ang 'ākun manga 'unga' nga lyāki nga kung puydi 'indi' 'ānay sinda magpinānaw nga magpinamūtung.My male children were told by me that if possible they should not keep on walking around to keep on gathering young coconuts.subst modif ligSignals the relationship between a substantive or indefinite pronoun and a following verb phrase or pseudo-verb phrase which modifies it.'Igwa 'aku ning 'i'isturya sa 'īmu: 'ini hay tungud sa ka'ayuhan nga ginghuman nang Ginū'u sa 'ākun kabūhi'.There is something that I will tell you: it is about the benefits which were performed by God in my life.'Ang 'iba nga nagakadtu sa sinihan, hay bukun pāra magtan'aw kundi' pāra makakatūyug kay tungud sa kahagkut sa suyud.As for some who go to movie houses, it is not in order to watch [a movie] but so that they will be able to sleep because it is cold inside.'Īmu 'ibutang 'ang tina' nga gustu mu 'itīna' sa buli.The dye which you want to use for tinting the buri leaves should be put in [the water] by you.vb phr mod ligA verb phrase may be followed by nga and a second modifying verb phrase. This extended verb phrase may function as comment with a single topic.Mintras 'ina' sinda nagakā'un nga naga'atūbang sa lamīsa, 'ang manga magūyang nang lyāki kag nang babāyi hay naga'irgu na sinda nang natutungud sa 'inda manga 'unga'.While they are eating facing each other at the table, the parents of the boy and girl are discussing about their children.sent mod ligA sentence modifying ligature which indicates that the first sentence is further explained by the second.Sa pagkatūyug ni Marsya nagdamgu siya nga may nakīta' siya nga lābut nga kāhuy.During Marcia's sleeping, she dreamed that there was a strange kind of tree which she saw.Nalūyag kami nga mabakyan mu ning bāru'.We would like that a dress be bought by you [for us].Nahadluk 'aku nga kadāmu' na 'ang nagapangasawa sa 'ākun.I was afraid that there were many who wanted to court me.pseudo v mod ligSignals that a pseudo-verb is modified by a following infinitive verb phrase to form a sentence; untranslated in English.Most pseudo-verbs are followed by an optional ligature nga and an agent as topic.Nalūyag si Pidru nga magkadtu sa 'indu bayay.Pedro likes to go to your house.pseudo v mod ligThe pseudo-verb gustu is followed by the agent as genitive. A verb phrase following an optional ligature nga functions as topic.Gustu ku nga mag'ubirtaym sa pagtahi'.I like to work overtime in sewing.adj mod ligAn adjective modifying ligature joining an adjective to an infinitive verb phrase.In some cases an entire sentence following an optional ligature nga functions as topic.Gustu ni Tatay nga 'imaw 'adtu 'ang mapapangasāwa ku.Father wants that that one will really become my spouse.'Ang kilāya gid nga ma'āyu nga maghuman ning lāwas nang traysikul, hay si Saryu.As for the one who is very well known to be good in making bodies of motorized pedicabs, [he] is Sario.