pagvarpag-1subord conjwhen or wheneverPag 'adtu gāni' kunu hay ginsuksuk nang prinsīsa 'ang pakpak 'ang manga būsuy hay magakahuyug.Whenever those wings, they say, were worn by the princess, many seeds would fall down.
pag-2gerprefsomeone's or something's doing somethingFollows the determiner 'ang.'Ang maguyang ni Rūsa, hay sa 'ātun pudir natabu' 'ang pag'asāwa niya.As for the older sister of Rosa, her marrying took place under our authority.Kung 'indi' mabasyahan ning tūbi' nga ma'īnit 'ang kuray hay kahuga' 'ang paglimpyu.If you do not pour hot water over [them], as for land crabs, the cleaning [of them] is difficult.synpaN-11cfbyu- byu- kaCV-2kaCV-2kaCV-2naga- naga- naga- pag-2pagka- pagka- paN-4paN-4paN-4gerprefThis gerund follows the determiner ning.San'u ka matūna' ning pagpāsa ning tuba' sa 'ākun?When will you begin passing the coconut wine to me?gerprefThis gerund follows sa.Waya' 'aku kapamāhaw kay midyu nahabut sa pagbāti'.I had not been able to eat breakfast because I was somewhat late in waking up.ti gerprefafter or upon someone's or something's doing somethingThis gerund prefix occurs on causative verbs.Ginpāra 'ang pagpakadtu ning tāwu sa 'iskwilahan pāra 'indi' madisturbu 'ang mīting.The allowing of people to go to school stopped so that the meeting would not be disturbed.Pag'andar nang trak lumi'li' liwat siya sa bintāna'.Upon the truck's moving, she carefully looked again out of the window.Pagkabati' nang 'āmun 'inirgūhan hay humalin si Lusit sa 'iya pagkā'un kay nahāngit siya.After hearing our conversation, Lucit left [her] eating because she was angry.synpaN-4cfkaCV-2naga- pag-2pagka- paN-4
pag-aneg gf affSomeone or something was not acted upon by someone else.Ginbātun da ni Birunika, pīru pag'abut na sa 'inda bayay waya' niya pagbasāha.[The letter] was taken then by Veronica, but when she arrived at their house [it] was not read by her.syngiN-a cf-a -a giN- giN- gina- gina- giN-a giN-a giN-a giN-a gina-agina-amag-ana-pag-unpag-un-un -un -un neg imper gf affSomeone or something must not or shouldbe acted upon by someone else.As a negative imperative goal focus affix, pag-a has the same function as mag-a.Ayaw 'ānay pagpatuyūga si Turing kay ginagūtum pa 'ina' siya!Please, Toring should not be allowed to sleep because that one is still hungry!'Ayaw 'aku pagtintara kay yāri na 'aku sa pudir ni 'Inrīku!I should not be tempted because I am here in the care of Enrico!syngiN-a cf-a giN- gina-apag-un
pag-anneg locf affSomeone or something is not or was not the location of an action by someone else.Kung 'indi' mu pagbutangan, hay malubay.If [the wire mesh deep sea fish trap] will not have [bamboo strips] put into [it, it] will be weak.cf- an - an gina-an gina-an gina-i gina-i giN-an -i -i -i -in-an4pag-i pag-i pag-i neg imper locf affSomeone, something, a place must not or should not be the location of an action performed by someone.Kung 'aku makahalin diri sa bayay, 'ayaw gid 'aku pagtudlu'an sa manga magūyang 'agud hay 'indi' 'aku makīta'!If I am able to leave this house, I must not be pointed out to [our] parents so that I will not be seen!Kung lūtu' na 'indi' mu na pagbutangan ning bunut 'ang kalāyu.When [the copra] is already cooked, the fire must not have coconut husks put into [it].loc ger affsomeone's, something's, a place's being the location of an action by someone elseMa'āyu 'ang pag'atāman kay Birhinya nang 'iya 'āmu.Virginia's beingcared for by her employer is good.loc ti ger affafter or upon someone's, something's, a place's being the location of an action by someone elsePagbuhī'an mu, masara na 'agud bukun pa magastus sa tūbi' kag 'indi' maglam'aw.Upon [the automatic shut-off tap's] being released by you, [it] will then close so that [it] will not still consume the water and [the water] will not become stagnant.cfpag-i recip ag ger afftwo people's doing something to or with each other'Ang 'iya hambay sa magūyang, "Lūlu, ma'āyu baya mag'inūman 'ānay kita, 'agud malīpay 'ang 'ātun pag'isturyāhan."He said to the old man, "Grandfather maybe it is good that we will drink with each other first, so that our talking to each other will be delightful."
pag-ineg locf affA person, place or thing was not the location of an action performed by someone.Sa kahāngit nang ba'u, kay waya' siya paghuyūgi, nagpamunpun siya tunuk nang kawāyan kag 'iya binutang sa lāwas nang sāging.In great anger the turtle, because he was not given [any fruit by the monkey], picked up spiny bamboo spines and put them at the bottom of the banana plant.cf- an gina-an gina-i gina-i -i -i ka-an1ma-an ma-ima-ina-anna-i na-i pag-an pag-an pag-an neg imper locf affSomeone, something, a place must not or should not be the location of an action performed by someone.The range of meaning of this locative focus affix includes what is generally called beneficiary focus.Manggarānun 'ikaw, pubri 'aku, pīru 'ayaw gid 'aku pagtimāki, kay waya' ta 'ikaw pagtimāki nang pagpalapit mu sa 'ākun!You are rich, I am poor, but I should not be despised because you were not despised by me upon your coming near me!'Indi' na 'aku nindu pagbakyi ning makina kay kanūgun lang 'ang kwarta!I should no longer have a sewing machine bought [for me] by you because the money will just be wasted!neg ger locf affixwithout having something put into itThis negative imperative locative focus affix inflects causative verbs.'Ayaw gid 'aku pagpakahuy'i sa manga tāwu.I should not in any way be caused to be embarrassed in the presence of the people.'Ang paglūtu' 'adtu nang manuk, waya' pagbu'aka, kundi' ginbu'uy lang tanan 'ang kasudlan kag ginla'ga' sa tūbi', waya' pagbutangi ning 'asin.The way to cook that chicken [is that] it is not cut into halves, but just all the organs are removed and [it is] boiled in water without having salt put into [it].cfpag-an
pag-unneg gf affixSomeone or something will not be acted upon by someone else.Kung 'indi' mu paghalīnun 'ang 'īmu bayay, pirmi lang kamu magamasakit.If your house will not be moved by you [to another place] you will always get sick.'Indi' pagpakalīngun nang nubya sa pagbutang sa butāngan nang pāri' pāra 'indi' kunu sinda pirmi mag'ināway.The money will not be caused by the fianc(e to make a sound in putting [it] into the place where the priest put [it] so that, they say, they will not always be quarreling.cf-a -a -a -a giN- giN- giN- ginagina- giN-a giN-a giN-a gina-agina-agina-a-in-1pag-a pag-a pag-a -un -un -un
pag'i-neg imper acfprefSomeone or something will not be an accessory to an action by someone else.'Ang bisti kunu nang nubya dāpat hay 'indi' kunu pag'isūkuy kay kung ginasuksuk kunu 'ina' nga dā'an nga waya' pa makasay hay 'indi' kunu madayun 'ang 'inda pagpakasay.The gown of the bride, they say, will not be worn because when it is worn ahead of time when the wedding has not yet been performed their wedding will not continue.cfgiN- gina-an gina-an giN-an giN-an